We all know that aging is inevitable and wrinkles are natural. But if you're one of the many who fears deep wrinkles, there are plenty of ways to address them.
What are wrinkles?
Wrinkles are folds that form in the skin due to a variety of factors, such as aging or sun damage.
Wrinkles are a natural part of the aging process and tend to appear when the skin loses its elasticity. They usually appear on the areas of the skin most exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck and the back of the hands.
How are wrinkles formed?
As we grow oldour skin naturally loses elasticity and becomes drier, making it more difficult to avoid damage. Added to this is the loss of fat that occurs as we mature and facial wrinkles become more pronounced.
repetitive facial movements, such as smiling, frowning, and squinting, can also form wrinkles on our skin. These can appear as lip lines, glabellar (or “eleven”) lines, and laugh lines, among others.
Ourlifestylesit can also affect the development of wrinkles.Smoking and excessive drinking have a direct impact on our bodies, and our skin is no different.🇧🇷 Smoking can accelerate the aging process and drinking dehydrates the skin, which causes more pronounced wrinkles. A life in the sun won't do you any favors either, as the sun's rays break down collagen and elastinin the deeper layers of the skin. If you can't help but catch the sun's rays, be sure to wear sunscreen every day (we mean it).
It's never too late to make healthier choices for your skin's sake. But if you have some deep wrinkles bothering you, here's how to fix them.
Retinoids are the gold standard when it comes to antiaging ingredients.🇧🇷 A derivative of vitamin A, retinoids work by stimulating cell renewal and increasing collagen production, which can reduce the appearance of wrinkles. In addition, retinoids can also fade age spots, reverse sun damage, and improve skin texture, resulting in a fresher, younger appearance. Retinoids come in the form of prescription products such as tretinoin or tazarotene, or over the counter in the form of retinol.
How to use retinoids:
Retinoids suit everyone, but there is a caveat:they are extremely powerful, which means they can cause irritation, dryness, redness, and flaking, especially when used incorrectly. It's important to introduce retinoids into the skin gradually, which means using them only two to three times a week. After a few weeks, add another day of use, and so on, until you reach daily use (if your skin can handle it). You can also try a technique called tamponade, which means mixing your retinoid with a moisturizer to reduce its strength.Always use retinoids at night and follow up with a good moisturizer. If you use a retinoid, youdevouse a sunscreen, since retinoids make the skin more sensitive to the sun.
It can take anywhere from six months to a year to see significant results from using a retinoid.🇧🇷 If you've been using a retinoid for a few months with no luck, move on. If a year has passed with no results, talk to your dermatologist about increasing the dosage.
Another superstar when it comes to anti-aging,Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals and increases collagen production., which in turn reduces the appearance of wrinkles. As a bonus, vitamin C is also great for protecting your skin from sun damage that causes fine lines and deep wrinkles. It also combats hyperpigmentation, acne scars, dullness, and enlarged pores. Combine it with a good sunscreen and your skin will be prepared to combat premature aging.
Here's how to incorporate vitamin C into your routine:
When it comes to vitamin c, you should be looking for a potent serum to get the most out of the ingredient.Look for products that contain ascorbic acid in a concentration of around 15%, which is the percentage in which it is most effective. Make sure it's in an opaque or dark glass bottle to prevent oxidation. Apply your vitamin C serum to dry skin before continuing with the rest of your skincare routine. Start slowly with this ingredient as well and gradually increase your use as your skin develops a tolerance.When using actives like vitamin C, always make sure to wear sunscreen.
Chemical peels work by exfoliating the outer layer of the skin.🇧🇷 After applying the procedure, the skin will slough off (hence the name), revealing smoother, less wrinkled skin underneath. Chemical peels vary in strength and can use a combination of different acids, such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, and salicylic acid. They also target fine lines, large pores, acne scars, and age spots.
Here are some examples of chemical peels for deep wrinkles:
Micropeel Plus 20 Solution
This peel is perfect for anyone who struggles with fine lines and deep wrinkles.🇧🇷 It works by removing the top layer of skin to reveal smooth, healthy skin underneath.The Micropeel Plus 20 solution uses 20% salicylic acid, glycolic acid and alcohol to penetrate and exfoliate the epidermis and upper layers of the dermis. It also targets uneven skin tone, acne and acne scars, and dullness.
Perfect Derma Peel
Perfect Derma Peel uses a combination of the powerful antioxidant glutathione and acids such as TCA, retinoic acid, salicylic acid and kojic acid to remove the top layers of skin.The result is smoother, brighter skin with less visible fine lines and wrinkles.
When it comes to wrinkles, most of us think ofbotoxas first-line treatment and preventive measure.Botox is made up ofvarious forms of botulinum toxin, which, when injected into a muscle, prevents it from contracting🇧🇷 This, in turn, smooths wrinkles and folds.
However, Botox does not work for all wrinkles...
When it comes to dynamic wrinkles or wrinkles caused by repetitive muscle movements like smiling, frowning, or squinting, Botox is a great solution.🇧🇷 Botox can be used to smooth crow's feet, forehead lines, smile lines, and more. Static wrinkles, on the other hand, are caused by sun damage, smoking, and a general loss of collagen and skin elasticity. Botox will not have much of an effect on these types of wrinkles.
How is botox?
The procedure is quite simple: the Botox provider will use a needle to inject Botox into a specific muscle. Some providers will apply topical anesthesia before injecting Botox. It should only take a few minutes with minimal discomfort.
Who can have botox?
Anyone who is bothered by the appearance of dynamic wrinkles can undergo Botox.🇧🇷 There is no "right age" to start applying Botox. You can also get Botox as a preventative measure to prevent wrinkle formation.
What are the side effects?
Botox injections are relatively safe.Like everything, however, they come with risks. Some mild side effects include pain or bruising at the injection site, drooping eyelids, a crooked smile, drooling, headache, or flu-like symptoms.
dermal fillersare gel-like substances that are injected into the skin to smooth out wrinkles🇧🇷 Dermal fillers are great for wrinkles caused by volume loss on the face. They can restore lost volume and plump up the face for a more youthful appearance. Unlike Botox, dermal fillers can be used to smooth static wrinkles caused by loss of collagen, elasticity, and fat, as well as damage from gravity and the sun.
Types of dermal fillers:
- Hyaluronic acid: A natural substance in the skin, hyaluronic acid helps cells retain moisture, resulting in healthy, plump skin.
- calcium hydroxylapatite: Calcium hydroxyapatite is a substance found naturally in our bones. This type of filler is excellent for deep wrinkles and loss of volume.
- Poly-L-lactic acid: A biocompatible and biodegradable synthetic substance, Poly-L-Lactic Acid smoothes lines and folds by helping the skin to naturally rebuild collagen.
- polymethyl methacrylate: A more permanent solution to wrinkles, polymethyl methacrylate is a biocompatible synthetic substance that remains under the skin in the form of a small ball or “microsphere” to provide support and structure.
However, hyaluronic acid fillers are the most popular.Since they are great for any skin type, they provide quick results and can be easily reversed. If a person is not satisfied with their hyaluronic acid filler, it can be dissolved using ahyaluronidase injection.
Also known as collagen induction therapy,microagujasis a procedure that uses small needles to prick the skin🇧🇷 This works to increase collagen production, reduce the appearance of wrinkles, and improve overall skin texture. Microneedling also helps with acne scars, hyperpigmentation, rough skin, and large pores.
What to expect during a microneedling procedure:
A topical anesthetic will be applied to the skin. A tool with tiny needles at the tip will be used on the skin to create micro-perforations, which will cause the body to produce more collagen and elastin. At this point, your skin may bleed a little. A serum can then be applied to the skin.
Can you do microneedling at home?
You may have noticed the growing popularity of DIY microneedling devices. Our advice? Don't use them.Not only are they less effective, but they also risk damaging or infecting the skin.When it comes to microneedling, it's best to let the professionals get the best (and safest) results.
Fraxel laser treatment
A treatment for fine lines and wrinkles,Fraxel is a microscopic laser that penetrates the skin to increase the skin's collagen and elastin production.Fraxel also treats sun damage, hyperpigmentation, and acne scars. Fraxel works by creating micro-lesions on the skin that stimulate the growth of collagen and elastin.
Does Fraxel laser treatment require downtime?
One of the main reasons Fraxel is so popular is because it requires minimal downtime. Expect about a week (give or take) of downtime. Your skin will become red and swollen before it begins to flake and peel. It's important not to pick and pull at the scales, or you risk scarring the skin.
But don't expect immediate results...
For deep wrinkles, you may be disappointed to find that you need three to five sessions, spaced about four weeks apart, to fully treat them. Fraxel is not cheap either, andcan cost around $1500per section.
Radiofrequency treatments use low energy radiation to heat the dermis,which stimulates the production of collagen and elastin and reduces the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and sagging skin.Since the radiofrequency only reaches the dermis without damaging the top layer, there is no downtime after the procedure, although the skin may be slightly red. After treatment, your skin will begin to produce new collagen, resulting in firmer, smoother skin.
Here is an example of a radiofrequency treatment:
eMatrix Sublative Rejuvenation
An FDA-approved treatment,eMatrix Sublative Rejuvenation uses bipolar radiofrequency to penetrate the skin to increase collagen and elastin production and stimulate cell growth, improving the appearance of wrinkles, skin texture and hyperpigmentation. The effects can be seen only five days after the treatment. The procedure only takes 30 minutes and the results last two to five months.
prevention is key
Sun damage, or photoaging, is one of the main causes of premature aging,which leads to fine lines and deep wrinkles. While it can't stop aging, it can prevent premature aging caused by sun damage.
It's never too late to start adding an SPF to your skincare routine.The most expensive and effective treatments don't matter if you don't use sunscreen to protect your skin. Most of the treatments listed above make the skin more sensitive to the sun, so it is even more important to protect it from the sun's rays. Be sure to use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 and apply it abouthalf a teaspoon of sunscreenin your face, rain or shine. Your skin (and your future self) will thank you.